5 min read 21 Aug 21
This year, some of the key interest rates that are used as reference points in financial markets have changed.
LIBOR, or the London Interbank Offered Rate, and other IBORs have been replaced by alternative interest rates that are similar, but calculated differently. Because LIBOR and other IBORs are market standards that are used very widely, there will be some knock-on effects.
M&G has a company-wide project team to manage the transition to replace interest rates and to ensure the changes are smooth and have as little effect on investors as possible. We expect any effect of these changes on the value of investments we manage to be minimal.
Importantly, you do not need to take any action, as we have communicated to you any planned changes to objectives of funds you are invested in before they took effect.
Here are answers to some of the questions you may have about these changes.
LIBOR and the other IBORs (Interbank Offered Rates) are families of interest rates at which banks are prepared to lend money to each other as they need it.
The rates have been a mainstay of financial markets for more than three decades, and are provided for a number of currencies and across a number of defined time periods. Each rate is calculated based on quotes provided by a panel of banks for a number of major currencies.
Many financial contracts reference one or another LIBOR rate as their benchmark – for determining interest payments, for instance. This includes certain types of bonds, where the value of the asset or the cashflow it generates are specifically linked to LIBOR or another IBOR.
LIBOR and similar IBORs are being replaced or, if not, reformed. In most cases, the replacement rates will be highly regarded interest rates that are already in widespread use.
In the UK, sterling LIBOR is being replaced by SONIA, the Sterling Overnight Index Average. An industry-wide consultation determined that SONIA represents the most appropriate way to replace LIBOR for the sterling market.
Financial regulators want standard measures of market interest rates to be trusted and relevant, and for the process used to calculate them to be credible, transparent and robust for the long term. In recent years, the reliability of the process of setting those rates has been under pressure so financial regulators globally sought to improve that.
Whereas LIBOR arises from quotes provided by a panel of banks, regulators want benchmark rates to be both administered by central banks and based on large numbers of transactions.
SONIA (the Sterling Overnight Index Average rate) is an interest rate that is already in widespread use in many areas of the financial markets and is widely regarded as a reliable market standard for interest rates in day-to-day use. It is published and administered by the Bank of England.
SONIA is based solely on actual transactions that took place the previous business day, on an overnight basis. It therefore applies for only one business day and is backward-looking. LIBOR, by contrast is forward-looking, with rates set at the start of different, though standardised, periods such as one month or six months.
LIBOR will stop being published at the end of 2021. Between now and then, markets and participants are expected to continue gradually shifting and adopting SONIA and the other replacements for IBORs fully.
This includes financial institutions amending any LIBOR-linked funds and products in sterling to reference SONIA instead. Many sterling assets and instruments already make use of SONIA, and the number that do are growing continually.
M&G has put in place significant resources to make the transition to SONIA, and other replacements for IBORs, as smooth as possible and with minimal effect on our clients. The M&G project team have been focused on:
There are two main ways that M&G’s retail funds may be affected by the change from the existing LIBOR rate.
Firstly, where a fund held investments where the value of assets, or cashflows they generate, were specifically linked to LIBOR or another IBOR. Such assets included floating rate notes or asset-backed securities that several of our fixed income funds invested in, for instance. These funds have now moved to holding new assets that are linked to the replacement interest rates.
Secondly, where a fund has a performance benchmark, or an objective, that was linked to a LIBOR interest rate or another IBOR. This included some of our funds that targeted an absolute return (and which therefore did not reference a benchmark). In these cases, we've changed the performance benchmark, or the rate stated in the fund’s objective to a suitable alternative. Ultimately, though, we do not anticipate that this will change how any given fund is managed.
We have identified the funds that have been affected by the changes and our products have now completed the transition.
Our approach has differed by fund, as it depends on the rules that govern changes to our products.
In some cases, we have obtained prior client consent to the proposed changes, which was achieved through a shareholder resolution. Where prior consent is not required, we have communicated details of changes in advance of them taking place, as appropriate.
The views expressed here should not be taken as a recommendation, advice or forecast.
The value and income from any fund's assets will go down as well as up. This will cause the value of your investment to fall as well as rise. There is no guarantee that any fund will achieve its objective and you may get back less than you originally invested.