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5 min read 6 Apr 23
When the Annual Allowance changes were made in April 2011 it became apparent that more people would be affected by an Annual Allowance charge.
As a result of this two main actions were taken, the introduction of Carry Forward described in our article Carry forward of unused annual allowance for pension savings and the possibility for people with a charge to pay it from their pension benefits.
The individual concerned notifies, and sometimes will pay, the annual allowance charge through their self-assessment. There may be instances where the member can ask their scheme to pay the charge by reducing their pension benefits - known as ‘scheme pays’. Please note that as stated earlier that even where the scheme pays the charge, the member must declare this through self-assessment.
We answer some common questions where an annual allowance excess applies and the member wants to ask their scheme to pay the tax charge by reducing their pension benefits.
Q. My client exceeded the standard annual allowance for 2021/22. Will her scheme have to agree to accept a scheme pays request?
A. There are prescribed conditions which, if met, mean the scheme must* agree to a member’s request to pay up to a maximum amount of the tax charge on the member’s behalf. This is called Mandatory Scheme Pays.
*unless the scheme has been taken over by the PPF, is being assessed by the PPF before the tax charge is paid, or the only benefits held in the scheme are Guaranteed Minimum Pension (GMP) rights which cannot be reduced to meet payment of the tax charge.
The conditions are that;
Please note, that the deadlines for this can be extended from 6 April 2022, should the scheme provide a revised pension statement, please read the section “The McCloud case and changes to scheme pays deadlines for revised pension savings statements” in our Annual allowance: scheme pays article.
Where these conditions are not met, the scheme may agree to a request on a voluntary basis.
Q. Why don’t all schemes offer voluntary scheme pays?
A. One reason will be due to the deadlines for making the payment to HMRC. If the member intends to pay the charge themselves or their scheme agree to pay on their behalf under a voluntary scheme pays arrangement, the tax charge must be paid within the usual self-assessment deadlines – e.g. for an excess arising in tax year 2020/21 this had to be paid by 31 January 2022.
Q. My client exceeded their tapered annual allowance for 2022/23. Do the same conditions, as covered under Mandatory scheme pays above, apply?
A. The conditions are exactly the same but note that mandatory scheme pays only applies where their pension input amount for the pension scheme has exceeded the standard annual allowance amount (i.e. this is not reduced to the tapered annual allowance amount). See example covered later.
Q. My client exceeded their money purchase annual allowance for 2022/23. Do the same conditions, as covered under Mandatory scheme pays above, apply?
A. The conditions are almost the same. The first condition includes an added restriction that the calculation of the £2,000 tax charge is based on the total input in excess of the standard AA only. And, as before, mandatory scheme pays only applies where their pension input amount for the pension scheme has exceeded the standard annual allowance amount (i.e. this is not reduced to the money purchase annual allowance amount). See example covered later.
Q. What if the member has transferred out of the scheme where the AA excess arose, can they ask the old or new scheme to pay their charge?
A. For transfers taking place on or after 28 January 2015, providing the member would have met the conditions to submit a mandatory scheme pays notice to the original (transferring) scheme but, before they give that notice all pension benefits are transferred to a new (receiving) scheme, the member can submit a scheme pays notice to the new scheme.
The member’s notice to the new scheme must be given on time - i.e. the same deadline that would have applied for the original pension scheme had the transfer not happened.
Let’s look at an example:
Sam lives in Oxford and is an additional rate taxpayer (who has no available carry forward), with pension inputs of £62,000 into a single pension scheme. If Sam is subject to a tapered annual allowance of £20,000 (as Sam's adjusted income is £340,000) and is an additional rate taxpayer, the tax charge is £42,000 x 45% = £18,900. As this figure is over £2,000, it meets the conditions for ‘mandatory scheme pays’ and the scheme can be forced to pay some of the charge.
If Sam is subject to the money purchase annual allowance, however, the outcome is different. Although her tax charge is £23,400 (£52,000 x 45%), the rules mean we have to work out the amount of charge based on the pension input amount which exceeds the standard annual allowance of £60,000 (£62,000 - £60,000 = £2,000 x 45% = £900). As the tax charge is less than £2,000, then no ‘mandatory scheme pays’ notice can be raised.
In either case the scheme may agree to pay some, or all, of the tax charge using the voluntary scheme pays payment deadlines.
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