Let’s look at the allowances for 2022/23:
Income Tax Personal Allowance and Basic Rate Limits
- Personal Allowance (PA) is £12,570, income limit for the PA remained at £100,000
- Income tax rates stay at 20%/40%/45%
- Basic rate tax band is £37,700 except in Scotland, where differing rates apply for non-savings, non-dividend income, for more information on this please refer to this page.
- Additional rate tax band remained at £150,000.
Capital Gains Tax
The CGT Annual Exempt Amount remained at £12,300 and the rates remained at 10% for gains within any remaining basic rate band & 20% thereafter. Capital gains on residential properties (not qualifying for Private Residence Relief) and the receipt of carried interest have rates of 18% & 28%.
Dividend Nil Rate
The first £2,000 of dividend income is taxed at 0%, although this does still count towards your client’s Adjusted Net Income and uses up the tax band it falls into. Dividend income above £2,000 is taxed at 8.75% at basic rate, 33.75% at higher and 39.35% at additional.
Personal Savings ‘Allowance’ (PSA)
The PSA allows tax free savings income of up to £1,000 depending on the client’s tax position.
Starting Rate for Savings
Starting rate limit (savings income) remains at £5,000 – it’s restricted by non-savings taxable income so that none of the band will be available if that income is above the client’s personal allowance plus the £5,000 starting rate.